Passion fruits are a very nutritious fruit, suitable for all ages. It is mainly used for juice production for home use (small scale production) as well as for industrial use (Large scale). Passion fruits are also used for value edition especially in soft drink production as an ingredient.
Passion fruit vines grow easily from seed. While not every passion fruit variety comes true from seed many do, especially black passion fruit. a successful passion fruit business requires a lot of care and commitment, if one is to achieve their set target for the undertaking. We highlight the step by step process through which a passion fruit farm is set and managed;
Passion fruits need to be planted in an open place with direct sunlight. Remove all trees and bushes
Do some ploughing to remove the unwanted vegetation
Make the holes: Holes should be 2ft wide and 2ft deep.
After making the holes, mix the top soil with half a basin of decomposed manure and fill back the hole.
Make the holes at least 2weeks prior to planting.
Spacing: This should be 7*7ft at least for the purple variety.
Meaning we shall make 734 holes in one Acre.
You can choose to buy ready seedlings from available suppliers or make your own nursery bed. At planting, get your seedlings, apply some 50gms of DAP in the hole then put your seedling and cover well.
Transplant during cool hours of the day to minimize transpiration shock.
Ensure that you Irrigate in times of no rain to avoid water stress, stunted growth and drying if the foliage is to remain supportive.
Keep enough moisture in the soil, however don’t over irrigate as you may cause logging which is not good.
An alternative irrigation practice is the use 10litre bottles and put a niddle hole on them for dripping.
It’s best to irrigate in the evening when it’s cool.
Since passion fruits are heavy feeders, during the growing season they require a lot of nutrients like NPK and CAN and others.
Top dress with NPK 50gms per plant after the first 30days and repeat every after 30days for the first 4months.
Then after 5months ,apply 50gms of NPK +CAN mixed together every month.
Foliar fertilizers are to be done every after 2weeks with high Nitrogen in the Vegetative phase of 1-4months and high potassium in the production stage.
Always make sure the garden is weed free to avoid nutrient competition and deficiency.
This is a very important practice in the life of passion fruits, make sure you prune to allow sunlight and air to filter through the vine to help ripen the fruit.
Prune the dead and old branches that have already born fruit.
It also allows new growth hence more flowering and fruiting.
Young vines are trained to grow along the wire support, Tie a thin rope near the base of the vines and move it around to the top.
Then you can construct a Net bed of about 5-6ft high and allow the vines to grow and spread.
Pest Management and Control
Passion fruits if not monitored can easily be attacked by pests like thrips, root knot nematodes ,mites, and mealy bugs.
You can do spraying using recommended pesticides, removing of infected plants, plant resistant varieties, weeding and other cultural practices .
Harvesting and Marketing
From one acre of passion fruits if we’ll managed, you can harvest 2-3sacks a week.
You start harvesting at 6momths with good practices, then keep harvesting for over 17months